WWF International Critical Materials for the Transition to a 100% Sustainable Energy Future

The most critical supply bottlenecks of non-energy raw materials are lithium and cobalt, which are used for batteries in electric vehicles. These bottlenecks can be alleviated by recycling lithium, substituting lithium in other sectors, and by using less cobalt-intensive cathodes.

By contrast indium, gallium and tellurium are not expected to become important bottlenecks.

Full report in PDF format here: wwf critical materials report 2014

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